The sapwood of Elm is nearly white, the heartwood is light brown to brown with a reddish tinge. The grain can be straight, but is often interlocked. The wood has a coarse texture.
Elm (Ulmus spp.) contains about 45 species. There are 11 native species to Asia, 6 to Europe and the Mediterranean, 7 to South and Central America 7 to North America, eastern to Midwest. All species look alike microscopically The word Ulmus is the classical Latin name.
The wood of Elm is fairly easy to work, it nails, screws and glues well, and can be sanded and stained to a good finish. It dries well with a minimum degrade and little movement in performance.
Elm is moderately heavy, hard and stiff, with excellent bending and shock resistance. It is difficult to split because of its interlocked grain.
Rated as slightly or nonresistance to heartwood decay.
Furniture, flooring, millwork, caskets, hockey sticks, veneer, crates, pulp.