The Walnut/Butternut group (Juglans spp) contains 15 species and in North America there are 6. The word junglans is classic Latin name of walnut, meaning nut of Jupitor. The sapwood of black walnut is nearly white, while the heartwood is light brown to dark chocolate brown, often with a purplish cast and darker streaks.
Black Walnut is native to the eastern United States. One of the few American species planted as well as naturally regenerated.
Walnut works easily by hand and machine tools, and nails, screws, and glues well. It holds paint and stain very well for and exceptional finish.
Walnut is a tough hardwood of medium density, with moderate bending and crushing strengths and low stiffness. It has a good steam-bending classification. The Walnut tree release a toxic material which may kill other plants growing under its canopy.
Rated as very resistant to heartwood decay-one of the most durable woods, even under conditions favorable to decay.
Fine furniture, cabinets, millwork, doors flooring, paneling, gun stocks, timbers.